Article number: 4123
(Venice 1539.) Photolithographic facsimile, München (Bruckman) & Stockholm, 1887. In 9 sheets as the original, each c. 49 x 75 cms, uncut and unmounted, loose in a later portfolio. First sheet somewhat darkened and with a few short marginal tears.
Aksel Andersson, Bibliographia Klemmingiana (1890), p. 37 f.
The extremely rare first full-size facsimile of the Carta Marina of 1539, published by G. E. Klemming in the year following the discovery of the original map.
"Carta marina" is a large map of Scandinavia, Finland, Iceland, Denmark and the Baltic by Olaus Magnus, printed at Venice in 1539. It is the earliest map to give a near correct shape of the Scandinavian peninsula, the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, and it is also famous for being richly illustrated with ethnographical details.
Carta marina, which is also a sea chart, was made made up of 9 woodcut sheets (letterad A-I), each c. 55 by 40 cms, and the entire assembled map measured c. 125 by 170 cms. It is one of the great rarities of cartography - only 2 copies are recorded altogether, one in Munich, and one in Uppsala university Library (in better condition), purchased from Switzerland in 1962.
Until the late 19th century the true identity of the map was unknown, and it was believed that the "Carta marina" was the small map in the Basel edition of Olaus Magnus's Historia (1567). In 1886, however, Dr Oscar Brenner made the astonishing discovery of the hitherto unkown 1539 map in the Hof- und Staatbibliothek at Munich. He published a description of it, with a small reproduction, in "Die echte Karte des Olaus Magnus vom Jahre 1539".
In the following year G. E. Klemming (1823-1893, head of the Royal Library, Stockholm), published the present first full-size photolithographic fascimile. It must have been a very expensive undertaking and the edition very small, mainly printed for presentation to libraries and patrons. Several facsimile editions have followed in the 20th century (up to 1949 listed by Einar Bratt in Ymer, 73 (1953), p. 267).
Both Bruckmann in Munich and Generalstabens Litografiska Anstalt in Stockholm are given as printers / publishers in different sources. Andersson states that the map was printed in Stockholm, while Bratt gives Bruckman as printers with Klemming as the driving force. The map must have been photographed at Munich, and since Bruckmann was a prestigious firm in this field, with advanced equipment, it seems most probable they would have printed the sheets, with the role of Generalstabens Litografiska Anstalt perhaps being limited to that of publisher, including distribution. With Carta Marina being such an important discovery, it is possible that some copies were distributed in Germany by Bruckmann, and some from Stockholm.
(Sold - Part of a picture gallery of items offered in the past.)